Deep Coalbed Biosphere off Shimokita -Microbial processes and hydrocarbon system
associated with deeply buried coalbed in the ocean
Scientific Prospectus>> Click
6 Jul. – 15 Sep., 2012
Fumio Inagaki (JAMSTEC) and Kai-Uwe Hinrichs (University of Bremen)
Shipboard scientists from J-DESC
CDEX currently plans to implement IODP Expedition 337: Deep coalbed biosphere off Shimokita, starting in 6th July, 2012. The expedition has been re-scheduled after the postponement due to the Tohoku earthquake and tsunami on March 11, 2011. The expedition will focus on microbial and biogeochemical processes, as well as basic studies on
geobiological aspects and physical properties, in and around the Eocene coalbed at ~2000 mbsf. We welcome applications to sail for five open slots in the science party.
2011 Tohoku Earthquake and Tsunami disaster
On March 11, 2011, the earthquake and tsunami hit the area when Chikyu was docked in the port of Hachinohe for loading before the Expedition 337. Chikyu lost one of her six thrusters and got damages on the ship body during emergency evacuation from the tsunami.
Due to the damages and many logistical problems, it was decided that the Expedition 337 was postponed until further notice. Chikyu was back on the sea in June, 2011, and is currently committed to a commercial operation. By the start of the Expedition 337 next summer, Chikyu will have finished the replacement of the lost thruster in dry-dock.
IODP Complementary Project Proposal
Complementary project proposal is a scientifically motivated expedition having a commitment from a third party source of at least 70% funding for the platform operating costs of the expedition. This expedition will be funded by Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS), as a part of the Strategic Fund for Strengthening Leading-edge Research and Development to JAMSTEC (PI: F. Inagaki). The expedition will follow the normal IODP rules for designation of co-chief scientists, scientific staffing, and the IODP Sample, Data and Obligations Policy that defines data moratorium, data access and publication responsibilities.
Scientific Objectives of the expedition
The objective of this expedition is to deepen a hole and recover core samples down to the target Eocene lignite coalbed. The core samples will be used to investigate geological, geophysical, (bio-)geochemical and (geo-)microbiological features of the formation, with a view to expand our knowledge on coalbed subseafloor hydrocarbon system and the deep biosphere.
Particular focus will be made on deep subseafloor life and the biosphere down to 2200 mbsf, in a habitat that has never been reached by previous scientific ocean drilling. We will investigate active microbial communities and geobiological processes in the thermally immature coalbed at great burial depths.
The proposed site has already been drilled in part during the Chikyu shakedown cruise CK06-06 in 2006: the hole C9001D was cased to a depth of 511 mbsf. As the initial step of the riser drilling down to the coalbed, we will first re-enter and deepen the hole by riser drilling to reach at 1220 mbsf. Spot coring will be conducted at selected intervals, and 13-3/8” casing will be installed to that depth after the first series of wireline logging runs. Then, the riser
drilling will continue with spot coring through Oligocene marine sediments and Eocene terrigenous/lacustrine sediments to the depth of 2200 mbsf. Second series of wireline logging will be performed before casing and suspending the riser hole.
For the better recovery of high priority target material, we will switch the coring system from the standard RCB coring to industry-type large diameter coring system, equipped with special device of either full closure core catcher or jam-prevention mechanism. The large diameter (10 cm) coring system uses 27 m long core barrel retrieved by a pipe trip. Three runs of the large diameter coring are planned at two intervals; one for regional unconformity found at about 1700 mbsf, including marine-terrestrial sedimentary interfaces, and the other two for Eocene coalbed and porous sandy layers.
Wireline logging program includes standard set of resistivity, density, porosity, formation image, and zero-offset VSP experiment, as well as in-situ geophysical and geochemical measurements (e.g., pH, pCO2, hydrocarbons) and sampling of pristine formation fluids from permeable layers.
Note that the planned pressure core sampling (PCS) has been removed from the operation plan due to budgetary reasons. The operation plan is still subject to change depending on budgetary conditions.
Current plan is that the expedition starts on 6th July at the port of Hachinohe, Japan, and ends on 15th September at Shingu, Japan. This includes 5 days of port call at Hachinohe, 1 day for transit to the site, 62 days of offshore operation, and 4 days of transit to the port of Shingu. Science Party will get onboard Chikyu in mid July, spend no more than 60 days onboard, and disembark before Chikyu moves to Shingu. Boarding and off-boarding will be provided via helicopter transfer from and to the city of Hachinohe.
This schedule is still subject to change. Update and latest information will be available at CDEX website (http://www.jamstec.go.jp/Chikyu/eng/).
We will organize a full science party to conduct a standard core analysis flow. The invited scientists as of March 2011 have been re-invited for the new schedule. There are five open slots available for additional applications to sail. We welcome applications, in particular, from sedimentologists, microbiologists/biogeochemists, and micropaleontologists to conduct age determination mainly from drill cuttings, and any other speciality that fits to the scientific purpose of the expedition.
20 Dec., 2011
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Travel support>> Click here
If you are a student, you need to submit a recommendation letter from your supervisor.
If you are a master student, an onboard adviser will be needed.
Support for shipboard scientists from J-DESC
J-DESC supports Japan-based IODP shipboard scientists. Applications are required to be submitted to J-DESC support to get any support. Please contact J-DESC support to get the information.
E-mail: info at j-desc.org